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U.S. Congress

Carl Malamud

Report to the Congress—Submitted on March 13, 2007

Introduction

By the end of the 110th Congress, the U.S. House of Representatives could achieve the goal of providing broadcast-quality video of all hearings and the floor for download on the Internet.

Summary

This collection consists of a variety of materials prepared to demonstrate to Congressional officials that a substantial upgrade in the quality of their video record of hearings is in order. The collection consists of three types of activities. First, a large number of hearings were "ripped" off of the streaming media servers used by the U.S. Congress and posted to the Internet Archive and Google Video. Second, an unsolicited report was submitted to the Speaker of the House. Third, after a series of discussions with the Office of the Speaker, the Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, and officials from the Committees on House Administration, Oversight, Judiciary, and Energy/Commerce, a series of high-resolution MPEG-2 streams from selected hearings are being posted.

Further Reading

Report to the Speaker of the House

Boing. Boing. Boing.

All the Government's Information (A Google Tech Talk)

Three Solutions

The original Report to the Speaker was originally posted March 13, 2007. On August 3, 2007, we were pleased to give the following updates:

  1. As a short-term solution, private citizens are now able to order full-resolution discs of committee hearings directly from the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives. The service is known as First Call+, their phone number is (202) 225-8000, and the order form is here. Note that in order to get a committee hearing, you must first get the form signed by the committee chairman. To date, four committees have agreed to such postings. You may find examples here on the Internet Archive from the committees on Energy/Commerce (this one features Chad Hurley in a suit!), House Administration (check out the Diebold machine getting hacked!), Oversight, and Judiciary.
  2. Several months of feasibility studies, discussions, and other investigation have resulted in a recommendation by the Advanced Business Solutions unit of the Chief Administrative Officer. A medium-term solution was considered, consisting of copying thee contents of DVD jukebox maintained by the House Recording Studio onto an FTP server. At 3.6 gbytes/hour, the number of users would be small, and one can always throttle the bandwidth. If there isn't enough space for all 11,000 hours in the archive dating back to the beginning of 2005, it was proposed that the cache size could be limited, discs could be put on-line for a period of time, and then rotated with fresh material. Groups such as the Internet Archive, Google Video, and the Government Printing Office have all agreed this is a feasible solution and they would grab the files and distribute them further. The analysis of this short-term solution by the Advanced Business Solutions unit has concluded: “from a technical stand point we now know this is very easy and inexpensive to do.”
  3. As a long-term strategy, the Office of the Speaker has conducted a large number of meetings, as has the Committee on House Administration, the Chief Administrative Officer, and several other groups. There is a concrete, funded set of initiatives to finish the wiring of the rooms so that all hearings have video coverage, and it is clear from a technical point of view that it is possible to achieve the goal of broadcast-quality video for download on the Internet by the end of the 110th congress. The recommendation to adopt that goal is currently awaiting action from the Office of the Speaker and the Chairman of the Committee on House Administration.

Carl Malamud (carl AT media.org) for Public.Resource.Org.

Additional Resources


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U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-4:hrs04IR2172_100427 - Rayburn 2172 - A Relic of the Cold War: Is it Time to Repeal Jackson-Vanik for Russia? - Subcommittee on Europe and Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade. Witnesses: Mr. Edward S. Verona, President and Chief Executive Officer, U.S. - Russia Business Council; Mr. Mark B. Levin, Executive Director, National Conference on Soviet Jewry; Mr. Mark Talisman, President, Project Judaica Foundation; The Honorable Stephen...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1a:hrs01IR2172_101202 - Rayburn 2172 - Zimbabwe: From Crisis to Renewal - Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100304.1 - Rayburn 2172 - Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution. (Part 1 of 4) - Markup hearing for H. Res. 252. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs Title: NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR COUNTERING BIOLOGICAL THREATS: DIPLOMACY AND INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Date: 2010-03-18 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-2:hrs02IR2172_100617.1 - Rayburn 2172 - Horn of Africa: Current Conditions and U.S. Policy (Part 1 of 2) - Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health. Witnesses: Mr. Ted Dagne, Specialist in African Affairs, Congressional Research Service; Ms. Leslie Lefkow, Senior Researcher, Africa Division, Human Rights Watch; Ms. Sadia Ali Aden, Human Rights Advocate and Freelance Writer; Kenneth John Menkhaus, Ph.D., Professor of Political Science, Department of Political...
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U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100203 - Rayburn 2172 - Yemen on the Brink: Implications for U.S. Policy - Witnesses: Panel I: The Honorable Jeffrey D. Feltman, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, U.S. Department of State, (Former United States Ambassador to Lebanon); The Honorable Robert F. Godec, Principal Deputy Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, U.S. Department of State, (Former United States Ambassador to...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
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by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-2:hrs02IR2172_100617.2 - Rayburn 2172 - Horn of Africa: Current Conditions and U.S. Policy (Part 2 of 2) - Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health. Witnesses: Mr. Ted Dagne, Specialist in African Affairs, Congressional Research Service; Ms. Leslie Lefkow, Senior Researcher, Africa Division, Human Rights Watch; Ms. Sadia Ali Aden, Human Rights Advocate and Freelance Writer; Kenneth John Menkhaus, Ph.D., Professor of Political Science, Department of Political...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01IR2172_100616 - Rayburn 2172 - Press Freedom in the Americas - Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere. BRIEFING BY: Ms. Catalina Botero, Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression, Office of the Special Rapporteur, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. WITNESSES: Mr. Joel Simon, Executive Director, Committee to Protect Journalists; Mr. Marcel Granier, President and Director General, Radio Caracas Television Internacional (RCTV); Alejandra Nuno,...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100304b.2 - Rayburn 2172 - Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution. (Part 4 of 4) - Markup hearing for H. Res. 252. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100303_b - Rayburn 2172 - Regional Overview of East Asia and the Pacific - Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific and the Global Environment. Witness: The Honorable Kurt M. Campbell, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100304b.1 - Rayburn 2172 - Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution. (Part 3 of 4) - Markup hearing for H. Res. 252. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-2:hrs02I_R2172_100525 - Rayburn 2172 - The Great Lakes Region: Current Conditions and U.S. Policy - Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health. Witnesses: The Honorable Johnnie Carson, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs, United States Department of State; Mr. Franklin Moore, Deputy Assistant Administrator, Bureau for Africa, Office of the Assistant Administrator, United States Agency for International Development. Video provided by U.S. House of...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100304.2 - Rayburn 2172 - Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution. (Part 2 of 4) - Markup hearing for H. Res. 252. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100203_b - Rayburn 2172 - America and the Iranian Political Reform Movement: First, Do No Harm - Subcommittee on the Middle East and South Asia. Witnesses: Ms. Geneive Abdo, Director, Iran Program, The Century Foundation; Mr. Mehdi Khalaji, Senior Fellow, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy; Fariborz Ghadar, Ph.D., Distinguished Scholar and Senior Advisor, Center for Strategic and International Studies; Mr. J. Scott Carpenter, Keston...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100727 - Rayburn 2172 - Achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals: Progress through Partnerships - Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights and Oversight. Witnesses: Ms. Kathy Calvin, Chief Executive Officer, United Nations Foundation; John McArthur, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer, Millennium Promise; Scott C. Ratzan, M.D., Vice President, Global Health, Government Affairs and Policy, Johnson and Johnson; Mr....
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100729 - Rayburn 2172 - The Crisis in Haiti: Are We Moving Fast Enough? - Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere. Witnesses: Panel I: The Honorable Rajiv Shah, Administrator, United States Agency for International Development. Panel II: Mr. Samuel A. Worthington, President and CEO, InterAction; Mr. Jimmy Jean-Louis, Actor, Goodwill Ambassador, Pan American Development Foundation. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100727b - Rayburn 2172 - Climate Change Finance: Providing Assistance for Vulnerable Countries - Witnesses: Panel I: The Honorable Lael Brainard, Under Secretary for International Affairs, U.S. Department of the Treasury; Jonathan Pershing, Ph.D., Deputy Special Envoy for Climate Change, U.S. Department of State; Rear Admiral David W. Titley, Oceanographer and Navigator of the Navy, U.S. Department of the Navy; Maura O'Neill, Ph.D., Senior...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-6:hrs06IR2172_101118.1 - Rayburn 2172 - Transition to a Civilian-Led U.S. Presence in Iraq (Part 1 of 2) - Witnesses: The Honorable Jeffrey D. Feltman, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, U.S. Department of State, (Former United States Ambassador to Lebanon); Colin Kahl, Ph.D., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Middle East, U.S. Department of Defense.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-4:hrs04IR2172_101117 - Rayburn 2172 - The Emerging Importance of the U.S.-Central Asia Partnership - Subcommittee on Asia, the Pacific and the Global Environment.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-6:hrs06IR2172_101118.2 - Rayburn 2172 - Transition to a Civilian-Led U.S. Presence in Iraq (Part 2 of 2) - Witnesses: The Honorable Jeffrey D. Feltman, Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, U.S. Department of State, (Former United States Ambassador to Lebanon); Colin Kahl, Ph.D., Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Middle East, U.S. Department of Defense.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
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by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-07-15 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-04-22 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01IR2172_100224 - Rayburn 2172 - Oversight: Hard Lessons Learned in Iraq and Benchmarks for Future Reconstruction Efforts - Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights and Oversight. Witness: Mr. Stuart W. Bowen, Jr., Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, Office of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100304c - Rayburn 2172 - BRIEFING: Restoring America's Reputation in the World: Why it Matters - Witnesses: Mr. Andrew Kohut, President, Pew Research Center; Joseph Nye, Ph.D., University Distinguished Service Professor, Sultan of Oman Professor of International Relations, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University; J. Michael Waller, Ph.D., Vice President for Information Operations, Center for Security Policy. Video provided by...
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-04-27 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-05-20 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-06-10 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Committee on Foreign Affairs - mars-1:hrs01I_R2172_100303 - Rayburn 2172 - U.S. Policies and Programs for Global Development: USAID and the FY 2011 Budget Request - Witness: The Honorable Rajiv Shah, Administrator,United States Agency for International Development. Video provided by U.S. House of Representatives.
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-11-18 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs Title: TRANSATLANTIC SECURITY IN THE 21ST CENTURY: DO NEW THREATS REQUIRE NEW APPROACHES? Date: 2010-03-17 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-05-06 Room: 2200 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-06-10 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-06-09 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-07-28 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs Title: PROMOTING SECURITY THROUGH DIPLOMACY AND DEVELOPMENT: THE FISCAL YEAR 2011 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS Date: 2010-02-25 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-03-10 Room: 2175 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-12-02 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-04-28 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
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by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs Title: AN OVERVIEW OF U.S. POLICY IN AFRICA Date: 2010-03-24 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-04-21 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-04-15 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
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by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-05-20 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-11-17 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs Title: THE GOOGLE PREDICAMENT: TRANSFORMING U.S. CYBERSPACE POLICY TO ADVANCE DEMOCRACY, SECURITY, AND TRADE Date: 2010-03-10 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-05-06 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
by Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Congressional Hearing U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs Title: U.S. POLICY TOWARD THE AMERICAS IN 2010 AND BEYOND Date: 2010-03-10 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs
U.S. Congress
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Congressional Hearing Committee on Foreign Affairs Date: 2010-04-21 Room: 2172 Rayburn HOB
Topic: Committee on Foreign Affairs